December 3

Victorian Architecture – Where Culture Meet Elegance


The term Victorian architecture refers to a number of styles of architecture, which was primarily used during the Victorian period. These architectural styles were quite popular during the period of mid 1837 to the beginning of 1901. This period marked the rule of Queen Victoria and was named after her.

The Victorian era of architecture, was marked by a number of styles, such as Renaissance Revival, Neo-Grec, British Arts and Crafts movement, Italianate, Gothic Revival, Jacobethan, Neoclassicism, Industrial architecture, Painted ladies, Queen Anne, Stick-Eastlake, Romanesque Revival, as well as Second Empire.

There have also been Folk as well as Shingle Style Victorian Houses. As it is, the names of the architectural styles, apart from their adaptations had varied between the countries. Several homes merged the elements of various styles and therefore are not easily discernible as one particular style. In the United States, highly decorated houses have often been addressed to as gingerbread houses.

Some of the most prominent Victorian era cities include Richmond, London, Toronto, Boston, St. Louis, Louisville, Saint Paul, Galena, Nelson, Sydney, Melbourne, IL, Galveston, Chicago, Detroit, San Francisco, Glasgow, Kolkata, Mumbai, Pittsburgh, Manchester, Philadelphia, Grand Rapids, as well as New Orleans.

In the United States, the South End of the city of Boston has been recognized as the oldest, as well as the largest Victorian neighborhood of the country. Old Louisville in Kentucky is also believed to be one of the largest Victorian neighborhood of America.

Apart from that, Richmond, Virginia is also home to a number of large Victorian neighborhoods, with the Fan and Church Hill, being the most prominent. Church Hill enjoys the distinction of being a place where Patrick Henry had given his famous speech at the historic Saint John’s church.

The Distillery District of Toronto is home to the largest as well as the best preserved collection of industrial architecture of the Victorian-era in North America. Apart from that, Cabbage town has been the largest as well as the most continuous Victorian style residential area of North America. The other Victorian neighborhoods of Toronto include Annex, Corktown, Park dale, as well as Rosedale.

The Old West End neighborhood in Toledo, Ohio has been recognized as the one having the biggest collection of the late Victorian as well as Edwardian architectural homes of the United States. Carroll Avenue of Los Angeles contains the city’s highest concentration of homes of Victorian style.

There is something really fascinating about the Victorian era and almost everything related to this period, continues to fascinate us to this date, especially Victorian architecture.

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November 27

Enjoy the Architecture of Guru Ka Tal during Your Agra Tour


Agra, which is located on the banks of the holy Yamuna River in the state of Uttar Pradesh, is world-famous for the majestic Taj Mahal. The city served as a prominent seat of the Mughal Empire for a long period and was the capital of Hindustan during that time. It lies at a distance of about 200 km from the national capital – New Delhi and easily accessible by road, rail and air transport from different parts of the country. The city has an extreme climate in winters and summers, with moderate temperatures in the rest seasons. October to March is considered as the ideal time to visit this historical city. If you wish to witness the grandeur of Taj Mahal and other prominent attractions of this place, such as Agra Fort, Jama Masjid, Moti Masjid, Fatehpur Sikri and Guru Ka Tal, then go for an Agra tour that can be availed from various travel agencies and travel portals.

Guru Ka Tal – History and Architecture

Originally, this reservoir was constructed in the year 1610, during the reign of Emperor Jahangir beside the tomb of Itibar Khan Khwajasara, to collect and preserve rainwater. The walls and embankments of this water reservoir have been made of rubble masonry and brick. It has a square design, with a long and wide ramp paved with stone slabs (khurra) and upright bricks, and stepped ghat. The walls of this structure feature four double-storied towers having an octagonal design. The top storey of these towers boasts of Mughal architecture, with an octagonal spire with brackets and pillars. The material that was used for constructing the ghat was red sandstone while the spire had been decorated with dazzling tiles. Constructed on a four feet high platform, this reservoir features four chhatris on its four corners with 16 pillars, with carved brackets and capitals. The corner domes of this place have a spherical design while the one on the sides have an oblong design.

At the time it was built, this reservoir had 12 towers, but today only eight can be seen. It had effective inlets of northern and western parts of the tank; a canal used for channelling excessive water in to the river and a dam on its south-eastern side. The water collected in this reservoir was used during dry seasons for irrigation. The terrace on the top floor is accessible through a wide red sandstone stairway, located on the southern side.

If you wish to witness Taj Mahal and other important attractions of Agra, then choose for those tour packages that include trips to all these important places. As this city offers a lot of see and to do, it gives the ideal opportunity to experience the best of India holidays.

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November 24

Traditional Breakfast, Lunch, Dinner And Architecture In Taiwan


Meal cult is an important part of countrys culture. Food and drink are the main necessities for sustaining life, and Taiwan cuisine takes a special place among the great cuisines of the world. Taiwan has a broad variety of dishes because of great ethnic diversity. The diversity of cuisines contains 8 principle types: Hoklo (or Taiwanese), Hakka, vegetarian cuisine, northern style cuisine, Hunan, Jiangzhe, Hong Kong, and Sichuan. Seafood is used in all these cuisines as a culinary culture of Taiwan that is simple and light.

In Taiwan people prefer to drink tea or coffee with some sandwiches for breakfast. They like fruits and sweets which are laid in a big plate on the table. For example, when the time for lunch comes, people eat salty dishes such as steamed and chopped chicken, steamed streaky pork with dry mustard cabbage, or dried mustard greens. Besides, they like rice with boiled eggs or fried potatoes with meat or fish. In Taiwan people have hundreds of receipts of dishes with rice and fish. Traditionally, Chinese dinner is laid at the round table in the center of which there is a flat circle on a revolving stand. It is necessary to point out that meals are served on big plates and are put in required amount on small plates by a person. At first cold snack is served, then time comes for hot dishes and only after these dishes the so called principle dishes are served.

In Taiwan people like to eat dishes with rice, meat and fish. In the end of dinner a soup or a broth is served. There is no dessert fruits and sweets are on the table during all the dinner and they are very often used in the principle dish (Bates 2005). Consequently, Taiwan cuisine represents one face by which a country is famous for. Traditional breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Taiwan are similar to breakfast, lunch, and dinner in Europe; however, there are some details you should know about Taiwan cuisine.

Taiwanese architecture is composed of variety of styles. The old traditional architectural model of houses in Taiwan still exists here. However, traditional architectural features of Taiwanese style become unimportant when entertaining and commercial institutions, such as shops and theaters, are built. We should emphasize that modern Taiwanese architecture unites traditional Taiwanese and European architecture styles. There appear buildings in European style, such as buildings of foreign consulates, foreign concessions, banks, hotels and clubs in big cities.

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October 16

Architecture A Brief Introduction and Marketing Tips


Architecture is an art and science that marries the building and design of structures. In some ways one can say that, along with engineering, it is the sign of civilization. Once man was able to settle down and fashion his own dwelling, even by primitive means, this was the start of the first civilizations.

Originally, these structures were purely functional serving to keep people safe from bad weather and wild animals, and to give them privacy. But as modern construction procedures were developed, along with more advanced materials, architecture and engineering began to take a more artistic leaning.

The earliest treatise on the subject, De Architectura, was written by Vitruvius, dates back to the 1st Century CE. In it, the Roman architect says that a building has to have form, function, and durability. To this day, most architects still conform to those three tenets. It is probably even safe to say that some are more successful at adhering to those dogmas than others.

A few examples of these people are Frank Lloyd Wright, a major proponent of organic architecture who is often touted to be the greatest American architect of all time (famous for the house called Fallingwater and for the Guggenheim Museum in New York City); I.M. Pei, a master of modern architecture who created the pyramid at the Louvre and the Bank of China Tower in Hong Kong; Frank Gehry, who designed the Dancing House in Prague; and the landscape architect and artist, Isamu Noguchi, among many others.

If these names sound familiar to you, it’s probably because their works are admired the world for being beautiful while being both functional and enduring. You’re likely to see their buildings mentioned in architectural texts, art books and even featured in architecture postcard designs. These, by the way, are not only proof of how respected the geniuses mentioned above are but, also function as a way to market their work. Like a portfolio, one might say.

In fact, some people in the business might publish high quality books that double as coffee table books and company profiles. Or, perhaps, they might have architecture postcard designs and construction postcard designs printed on elegant cards to send to potential clients. Others still, might support these efforts with their own websites.

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October 7

Struggles and New Approaches to Information Architecture


Information architecture is defined as the outline or blueprint that describes how data and information is systematized, ordered, and controlled. Another definition of information architecture says that it is a system of spotting, managing, and controlling patterns in data. This data-handling technology aims to be able to make complex, ambiguous, and fuzzy sets of information, data, and other resources as simple and as understandable as they can be.

According to a business-related site, it has been unfortunate in these modern times that most business companies struggle in terms of the use of the technology of information architecture. Actually, some businesses are having difficulties even with the most basic applications of information. A significant quantity of companies still experiences difficulties in getting up-to-date, comprehensive, precise, and accurate views of the results of the projects and actions they have done previously. Companies now just create proposals for new, innovative, predictive, and analytical transformation and differentiation in terms of information handling and architecture in a diminishing effort. The result of this failure of the companies to value the technology being delivered by information architecture leads to the struggles they experience that are stated in this article. e.

Companies that are struggling in executing information architecture processes need to adapt a new one that suits their needs the best. In choosing a new style of information architecture, they must bear in mind that in the world of technology, the amount of information and data inputted into the Web is growing in a much rapid way. Also, the speed at which information is received has gone significantly faster than before. Data comes in various types, so an information architecture system must be flexible to such variety of files.

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September 27

Overview Of Ibm Service Oriented Architecture (soa) Fundamentals Certification


The increasing need for SOA can be complex for companies looking to use experienced IT professionals with SOA capabilities. Several contemporary IT workers do not have experience with the engineering that are the foundation for an SOA. This capabilities gap can slowly down and delay deployments among all but the most forward companies. Quickly creating capabilities is a need to keep rate with the opponents.

IBM WebSphere Details allows you get going easily via IBMs Web-based exercising series. Taken as a whole, the series provides a company foundation for recognizing, evaluating, and indicating your company’s SOA needs.

Test 000-669 – Exam Info
The exam includes six areas containing a complete of roughly 54 multiple-choice concerns. The rates after each area name indicate the estimated submission of the complete query set across the areas.

Area 1 – The Value of SOA (15%)
A.Identify company functions where SOA can enhance competition and efficiency.
B.Identify how SOA can offer revenue (ROI) (improve competition, website, improve responsiveness.)

C.Identify the SOA functions that make companies more nimble.
D.Identify the chance expenses of not implementing SOA.
E.Identify circumstances where SOA does not offer the preferred value or is not appropriate.
F.Identify the company individuals for SOA.

Area 2 – SOA Principles (26%)
A.Define the idea of assistance in SOA.
B.Describe the structural concepts used in SOA (for example: decrease combining and separating of issues.)

C.Describe the tasks that XML performs in SOA.
D.Describe the aspect of an assistance computer pc personal computer system operating system and/or database in SOA.

Area 3 – Primary SOA Structure (20%)
A.Describe you will of a simple SOA architecture.
B.Describe the components of the IBM SOA Referrals Structure, and their tasks and connections.

C.Describe the business assistance bus (ESB) and its aspect in SOA.
Area 4 – SOA Control (19%)
A.Explain the need for SOA government.

B.Describe SOA government and relevant concepts (roles and obligations, financing designs, guidelines, administration, crucial achievements aspects, and analytics.)

C.Describe Excellent of Service (QoS) problems relevant to SOA.
D.Explain the need for an allocated protection design (including problems like recognize provisioning and reproduction.)

E.Identify the effect of changes to solutions in the SOA lifecycle (change management, versioning, and assistance lifecycle.)
Area 5 – Preparing for SOA (20%)
A.Describe the components of SOA government that need to be resolved during the look for SOA.

B.Understand the value of saving company problems, individuals and goals when preparing for SOA.
C.Capture and assess IT problems, individuals, and goals (including analytics and KPIs.)

D.Describe the individuals, business, and technological innovation aspects that effect preparedness for SOA and its achievements.
To get prepared for Examination 000-669, it is first recommended that you are familiar with the job aspect information and the aspects this credentials is according to, as well as have knowing of the topics described in examine objectives/skills determined on exam.

Evaluate your own specialized stage to examine goals and the recommended exercising resources, and then determine for yourself how much planning you require

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September 13

Know About Iranian Architecture


Iranian architecture displays a class and elegance that cannot be matched with any other style of architecture and design. It is quite distinct from that of Muslim countries. The major features of Iranian architecture are: structural ingenuity basically in vault and dome construction; a skill of decoration with freedom and intricacy incomparable to any other form of architecture.

The pre-Islamic buildings include the remarkable Elamite ziggurat at Chogha Zanbil. Baked brick was used for outer surfaces by the 12th century BC. Most of the greatest buildings were built with a religious purpose, and even in secular buildings religious influences are entirely absent. Palaces were present, and their shapes, sizes and colors varied according to the ruling dynasty.

The first great development of ancient Persian architecture took place under the Achaemenid dynasty during the Persian Empire, from about 550 to 330 BC. There are numerous remains of Achaemenian period, including two palaces, a sacred precinct, a citadel, a tower, and the tomb of Cyrus.

Royal architecture under the Achaemenid also included tombs cut in solid rock, of which the best-known examples are those at Naqshah Rostam near Persepolis. Little is known of the popular building practices of the period, but archaeologists believe that the ordinary dwelling was made of mud brick. After the conquest of Persia by Alexander the Great, Greek influence, in its late, Hellenistic phase, was predominant in the arts of Persia. Examples include fragments of bronze sculpture found at Shami, and the Parthian sculptural reliefs at Behistun.

During the Islamic period “mosques” became the major buildings in Iranian architecture. Outstanding examples of early Islamic Iranian architecture include the Mosque of Baghdad built in 764, the Great Mosque at Samarra erected in 847, and the early 10th-century mosque at Nayin.

After the 17th century, Iranian artists copied European paintings and engravings, and the native traditions declined. But Iranian architecture still managed to leave a huge impact on the world.

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September 9

Sustainable Architecture-One planet, one experiment


Sustainability means managing the resources well without damaging the environment now or in the future. In other words sustainability also refers to ensure that our decisions today may not harm the future opportunities for future generations. Now, have you ever thought that what a sustainable architect does in terms of product, process or buildingdesign?Sustainable architecture is a term that describes environmental friendly design methods in the field of architecture.

A client can believe on sustainability but the proof and evidence can help the client to better understand the concept of sustainability. Architect Brighton offers sustainable modern architecture, design and master planning service in order to meet the needs of their clients. Their goal is to create -green’ architecture which is magnificent in terms of design, keeping in mind the sustainable lifestyle and culture. Sustainable architect is not an individualist approach rather it’s a holistic approach. These architectsare more concerned about the reuseand recycling of the natural resources that are input to a building. A well designed building will have number of issues like water and energy utilization, proper use of materials and much more. Architects can deal with the ecological aspects of constructing these buildings. These aspects are designed to increase the efficiency without being detracting from the function of the building.

Sustainable architect focuses on designing a unique set of strategies to construct or develop a building intelligently. The architects minimize the use of nonrenewable resources in the development and function of buildings. These architects must consider the material flow in the building ecosystem. Few of these have been mentioned below:

Building materials and used materials Energy usage and combustion by products Water usage and Graywater sewage Consumer goods and recyclable materials Solar radiation and wasted heat Wind and polluted air Rain and groundwater

Before constructing a building, Architect Brighton keeps in mind three important strategies i.e. energy conservation, water conservation and material conservation. Apart from this, an architect should put certain efforts to reduce the impact of a building on its local environment (e.g., current terrain, plants, wildlife).In order to attain sustainability, Sustainable architect must be well educated and professionally trained about the various environmental issues. They must be well aware of the methods and techniques of developing a sustainable design building with economical use of natural resources. If the growth would concentrate on creating the best with what already prevails, re-using or adjusting current components and communities, certainly the outcomes would be remarkable.

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September 3

Architecture meets Industrial Design


Title: Architecture meets Industrial Design

Text & Photography: Foster + Partners

Blurring the lines between architecture, interior design and industrial design, F+P once again prove that design is seamless and universal

Foster+Partners has proved its design prowess beyond the building industry and carries it forward to designing the interiors and furnishings for a commercial aircraft, drawing on its previous commissions for yachts and private jets.

Following the successful refurbishment of The Wing, Cathay Pacific’s flagship lounge at Hong Kong International Airport, the practice has carried the lounge’s sophisticated design into the first class cabin of the Boeing 777-300ER fleet refreshing the award-winning cabin.

The Wing, which opened earlier this year,is the second in a series of lounges by Foster + Partners for Cathay Pacific at HongKong International Airport. Every detail of the interiors,from the Champagne Bar to the bathroom fittings in the luxurious first class -cabanas’, has been custom-designed by the practice to create an exceptional experience for guests.

Besides the plush interiors, the lounges are furnished with a number of unique pieces designed by Foster + Partners, including a marble reception desk,food counter and a free-standing champagne bar with integrated trays – down to the detail of porcelain plates. Alongside the bespoke products and one-off furniture pieces, The Wing also features the Ilium cylindrical table light, developed with Nemo and the Foster 503 armchair by Walter Knoll.The highlight is the Cathay Solus Chair, the airline’s signature developed with Poltrona Frau that responds to the desire for privacy in the midst of a busy public space with its hourglass form and multi-utility constitution: the circular form incorporates a wide,comfortable seat, an integrated a power supply and a table, which can be used as an informal desk. The ribs of cushion at the back of the chair extend in places to form ridges, which can be used as armrests.

Creating a seamless experience for passengers, the cabin’s design shares the lounge’s palette of warm white leather,reflective dark grey surfaces and walnut finishes to create a calm, understated interior. Every element is considered and refined, including the stitch of the bespoke covers for Cathay Pacific’s celebrated first class seat, the handmade woollen carpet, the refurbished bathrooms and the new reading light, which has been custom-designed to cast fewer shadows when working or dining.

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